Childrens Disabilities Information

Disability Books

Cerebral Palsy in Premature Infants and Children

By Sheena L. Carter, Ph.D.

Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most common causes of chronic childhood disability, with a frequency of 1.4-2.7% of live births. The prevalence of cerebral palsy has remained very stable for many years at this percentage. While the improved survival of extremely preterm infants may result in an increasing number of children with cerebral palsy, preemies constitute a small minority of the overall number of disabled children. About 10% of preemies born at less than 1000 grams will eventually be diagnosed with cerebral palsy. Estimates range from 17-60% of CP cases that have no known perinatal or neonatal etiology.

The diagnosis of cerebral palsy means that there has been some injury to the brain during development which has resulted in difficulty transmitting impulses from the brain to the muscles, disrupting coordinated movement. Cerebral palsy comes in a variety of forms and with a continuum of severity. It can be so mild that it is only noticeable when the individual is stressed or involved in certain activities. It can be so severe as to limit most voluntary movement. In can take several years for the full impact of a child’s cerebral palsy to become apparent. However, children do not switch from one form of cerebral palsy to another, nor from one impairment level to another, after the condition is fully expressed.

Children who have mild motor impairment and who are suspected of cerebral palsy at one year of age are often free of motor symptoms by early school age. These children, however, are more likely to have other developmental problems, including mental retardation, learning disability, seizures, and speech problems than those with no early motor problems. Early identification and treatment of cerebral palsy and/or other related developmental problems may stabilize the impairment and reduce associated disability.

Click here to read more on this subject by Sheena Carter.

© 1998, 2001 Copyright Dr. Sheena L. Carter


Sheena L. Carter, Ph.D. is an applied developmental psychologist specializing in infant development.   She is an assistant professor in the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, with Emory School of Medicine in Atlanta, Georgia.  She is part of a multidisciplinary team which provides developmental follow-up services to high risk children served by the Emory Regional Perinatal Center. Visit their website at http://www.emory.edu/PEDS/ for more information on prematurity and long term impacts.
 

Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral Palsy and Motor Delay

Cerebral Palsy Books
Cerebral Palsy Books
Special Needs Books
Author Interviews

Cerebral Palsy and Special Needs Books

Cerebral Palsy Articles
Orthotics
CP Overview
CP in Preemies
Motor Impairment
Mild Cerebral Palsy
Self-Esteem
Activities for Toddlers
If It's Accessible...
Therapeutic Horse Back Riding

Cerebral Palsy Resources
Cerebral Palsy Books
Cerebral Palsy Links

More Special Needs Information

Best!

Cerebral Palsy BOOKS

 

SHOPPING


Special Needs Shopping
Special Needs Shopping Directory





 

Childrens Disabilities Information
ADHD | Adoption | Advocacy | Allergies | Autism | Books
Cerebral Palsy | Disability Travel | Feeding | Learning Disabilities | OCD
Preemies | Shopping | Special Needs Parenting | Service and Therapy Animals
Sensory Integration | Speech | Vision | Special Needs Forums Directory

Copyright Protected


Children's Disabilities & Special Needs Information www.ChildrensDisabilities.Info